Second-order semi-implicit projection methods for micromagnetics simulations

Published in Journal of Computational Physics, 2019

Changjian Xie, Carlos J. GarcĂ­a-Cervera, Cheng Wang, Zhennan Zhou and Jingrun Chen. Journal of Computational Physics. 2019.

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Micromagnetics simulations require accurate approximation of the magnetization dynamics described by the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation, which is nonlinear, nonlocal, and has a non-convex constraint, posing interesting challenges in developing numerical methods. In this paper, we propose two second-order semi-implicit projection methods based on the second-order backward differentiation formula and the second-order interpolation formula using the information at previous two temporal steps. Unconditional unique solvability of both methods is proved, with their second-order accuracy verified through numerical examples in both 1D and 3D. The efficiency of both methods is compared to that of another two popular methods. In addition, we test the robustness of both methods for the first benchmark problem with a ferromagnetic thin film material from National Institute of Standards and Technology.